The Vauxhall was started as marine and pump engine manufacturer 1857, by Alexander Wilson. Later in 1863 it started producing travelling cranes and company was named Vauxhall Iron Works. After this they start making cranes and till now not decided to make cars.
Vauxhall Make Cars
In 1903, makers got the idea to manufacture cars, for this they move to Luton in 1905. After few years they successfully make their first car five horsepower single cylinder. It has only two forward gears and no reverse gears. It was steered using tiller. They make about 70 cars in the initial year. Then after this changes were made and a reverse gear and wheel steering was implanted in cars.
The last surviving car was in the London Science Museum in 1968. The company continued to trade under Vauxhall Iron Works until 1907, when it then became Vauxhall Motors. The company, to begin with, were well known for their sport models. The Y-Type Y1 saw success at the 1908 RAC and Scottish 2000 Reliability Trials. It also saw massive success at the Brooklands circuit. So much so it accomplished 200 miles at an average speed of 46mph.
The Y-Type was so successful it became the A09 car which spawned the Vauxhall A-Type. There were four types of this vehicle produced until 1914. The A-Type could achieve 100mph and was one of the most acclaimed 3-litre cars of its day.
Impact of WWI
During the First World War, Vauxhall made large numbers of the D-Type . This was a version of the C-Type, raced in the Prince Henry trials. The D-Type had the same chassis but a de-rated engine. The D-Type was used as staff cars for the British forces. So D-Type was manufactured during entire World War.
They saw success in the pre-war period with their executive vehicles. However, these types of cars weren’t desirable in post-war England and Vauxhall were in trouble.
Vauxhall and Opel
While Vauxhalls were being design and built in the United Kingdom, they were sharing more and more of their specification, engineering features and stylings with Opel. In the late 1960s and early 1970s there was economic turmoil in the UK. Declining build quality and industry strikes contrasted with the ‘economic miracle’ that was happening in West Germany. Not to mention the entry to the European Economic Community made having two lines with pretty much the same cars undesirable. And so, the FE Series Victor, launched in 1972, would be the last all-British Vauxhall. Pretty much all future Vauxhalls would be restyl Opels. But Vauxhall would still retain Ellesmere Port and their Luton factory. These Opel-based Vauxhalls were better in quality and design which boosted Vauxhalls sales.
In March 2017, it was reported that General Motors have reach a tentative agreement with Group PSA for acquisition of Vauxhall and Opel. It was then confirm that PSA will buy Vauxhall and Opel Subsidies for £2.2 billion.
And that brings us to the present day. It will now be sold to PSA and although the future of Vauxhall is slightly uncertain. We’re sure that Vauxhall cars will still be a common sight on British roads for years to come.