Moses was born to Hebrew slaves, put into a basket on the Nile River, and found by Pharaoh’s daughter. He was raised in Pharaoh’s court, where he received the best that Egypt had to offer, not only in food and clothing, but also the best of Egypt’s education. He learned to read, write, mathematics, and the science of the day. Moses was very well educated by the time he found out that he was a Hebrew.
Moses is referred to many times, in the bible, as a humble man. He never thought to highly of himself. In fact, Moses didn’t even feel worthy, when called by God to lead God’s people out of Egypt, so Moses asked if Aaron could speak for him.
The fact that God spoke directly to Moses is not lost in the scriptures. Moses would take the time to listen to God, while making judgements over the people. Moses when he came down from Mount Sinai, was asked to wear a vail, because his face had such a shine from being in the very presence of God.
Most Biblical historians, both Jewish and Christian, believe the book of Genesis through the book of Deuteronomy, were written by Moses during the 40 years of wandering in the desert. Where the debate comes on these books called the Torah by the Jews, is whether they were inspired by God or dictated by God.
I firmly believe that Genesis through Deuteronomy was dictated to Moses by God. We read many times in these five books of God telling Moses, write this down. There is no other way for Moses to know all the Genesis account, without God telling him word for word, what to write.
It would be impossible for Moses to know the creation story, the genealogies, the Tower of Babel or even the flood story without God telling him. Moses who grew up in Pharaoh’s House would have no idea about the covenant between God and mankind after the flood, or God’s covenant with Abram, who became the Father of all Israel as Abraham.
God left no doubt in these books about who the author was and who penned the books was. God specifically chose each word, so that there could be no misunderstanding. Moses very carefully, penned each word that was spoken to him. This history was passed down from generation to generation by the Rabbis and the teachers.
The Torah, the first five books of The Old Testament, are the most sacred in Judaism because they are God’s words penned by Moses, a humble servant of God.