Autoimmune disease is hard to understand because your immunity system attacks on your body by mistake. The function of immunity system is to protect our body from the foreign attackers which can harm our body. Usually it understands the difference between own cells and foreign cells but in some cases it mistakes some part of our body like skin or joints as foreign part. It releases protein call autoantibodies that attack on healthy cells.
Why Immune System Attack on Body?
Till now doctors are not able find the exact reason of it. But still some people are more likely prone to autoimmune disease as compare to others.
According to studies, it is more common in ethnic groups like Africans Americans and Hispanic people. Women get autoimmune disease at the rate of about 2 to 1 as compare to men. They get this in their child bearing age. Some types of it like multiple sclerosis and lupus run in families. But it is not important that every family has that disease, but they inherit the susceptibility to get this disease.
Autoimmune cases are increasing day by day, researchers said environmental conditions are the main reason behind it. Food habits like eating high-fat, possessed and high sugar rich foods might affect the immunity system.
Also read: Top 3 Herbs for Autoimmune Disease
Symptoms of Autoimmune
- low-grade fever
- hair loss
- rashes on skin
Individual diseases can also have their own unique symptoms. For example, type 1 diabetes causes extreme thirst, weight loss, and fatigue. IBD causes belly pain, bloating, and diarrhea.
Treatment of Autoimmune Diseases
Treatments cannot completely cure but can control the hyperactive immune and calms the inflammation. Treatments are for swelling, pain and rashes. Some drugs are use to treat the disease:
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) and naproxen (Naprosyn)
- immune-suppressing drugs
Common Autoimmune Diseases
Type 1 Diabetes
The pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which helps regulate blood sugar levels. In type 1 diabetes mellitus, the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
Psoriasis causes skin cells to multiply too quickly. The extra cells build up and form inflamed red patches, commonly with silver-white scales of plaque on the skin.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term used to describe conditions that cause inflammation in the lining of the intestinal wall. Each type of IBD affects a different part of the GI tract.
Graves’ disease attacks the thyroid gland in the neck, causing it to produce too much of its hormones. Thyroid hormones control the body’s energy usage, known as metabolism.