According to latest updates of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC), the climatic conditions has rise to an alarming state. If still we are not waking up then it is really a serious matter. The reason we all know- global warming.
The IPCC’s insist that all countries must reduce their fossil fuel use substantially. Extend access to electricity, improve energy efficiency and increase the use of alternative fuels, such as hydrogen. Unless action is taken soon, some major cities will be under water, Mr. Guterres said in a video message. Which also forecast “unprecedented heatwaves, terrifying storms, widespread water shortages. And the extinction of a million species of plants and animals.
Providing the scientific proof to back up that damning assessment, the IPCC report – written by hundreds of leading scientists and agreed by 195 countries – noted that greenhouse gas emissions generated by human activity, have increased since 2010 “across all major sectors globally”.
In an article penned for the Washington Post, Mr. Guterres described the latest IPCC report as “a litany of broken climate promises“, which revealed a “yawning gap between climate pledges, and reality.”
He wrote that high-emitting governments and corporations, were not just turning a blind eye, “they are adding fuel to the flames by continuing to invest in climate-choking industries. Scientists warn that we are already perilously close to tipping points that could lead to cascading and irreversible climate effects.”
An increasing share of emissions can be attributed to towns and cities. The report’s authors continued, adding just as worryingly. That emissions reductions clawed back in the last decade or so “have been less than emissions increases. From rising global activity levels in industry, energy supply, transport, agriculture and buildings”. Striking a more positive note to motivate people and insisting that it is still possible to halve emissions by 2030 – the IPCC urged governments to ramp up action to curb emissions.
The UN body also welcome the significant decrease in the cost of renewable energy sources since 2010, by as much as 85% for solar and wind energy, and batteries.
Awaring People about Global Warming
We are at a crossroads. The decisions we make now can secure a liveable future,” said IPCC Chair Hoesung Lee. “I am encouraged by climate action being taken in many countries. There are policies, regulations and market instruments that are proving effective. If these are scale up and applied more widely and equitably, they can support deep emissions reductions and stimulate innovation.”
To limit global warming to around 1.5C (2.7°F), the IPCC report insisted that global greenhouse gas emissions would have to peak “before 2025 at the latest. And be reduce by 43 per cent by 2030”.
Methane would also need to be reduce by about a third, the report’s authors continue, adding that even if this was achieve, it was “almost inevitable that we will temporarily exceed this temperature threshold”, although the world “could return to below it by the end of the century”
A great deal of importance is attach to IPCC assessments because they provide governments with scientific information that they can use to develop climate policies.
They also play a key role in international negotiations to tackle climate change.
Among the sustainable and emissions-busting solutions that are available to governments. The IPCC report emphasised that rethinking how cities and other urban areas function in future. So that they could help significantly in mitigating the worst effects of climate change.
“These (reductions) can be achieve through lower energy consumption, electrification of transport in combination with low-emission energy sources, and enhanced carbon uptake and storage using nature. “There are options for established, rapidly growing and new cities,” it said.
Echoing that message, IPCC Working Group III Co-Chair, Priyadarshi Shukla, insisted that “the right policies, infrastructure and technology. To enable changes to our lifestyles and behaviour, can result in a 40 to 70 per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. “The evidence also shows that these lifestyle changes can improve our health and wellbeing. This will save us from global warming.